Climate - NOMINEE: Sutanta Aditya
Human - Wild Sumatran Orangutan Conflicts (Behind The Forest Deforestation)
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Based on data from the proliferation of conflicts between protected wildlife, especially wild elephants and the Sumatran Orangutan with humans continue to occur. Based on data from WWF-Indonesia study shows that the population of Sumatran elephants increasingly growing concern today, in 25 years, the Sumatran elephant has lost about 70% of its habitat, and the population is shrinking by more than half. Estimated population in 2007 was between 2400-2800 people, but is now estimated to have declined considerably from that number as their habitat continues to shrink and killings continue to occur.
Meanwhile, According to the IUCN, over the last 75 years the population of Sumatran orangutans has decreased by 80%. In the period 1998 da 1999, the loss rate is reported to sektar 1,000 orangutans per year and contained in the Leuser Ecosystem, one of the largest forest area in the northern part of Sumatra Island. Sumatran orangutan population is currently estimated there were only about 6,500 of the tail (Strategy and Action Plan for Orangutan Conservation, Ministry of Forestry in 2007) and the IUCN Red List 2002 edition, categorized as Critically Endangered Sumatran orangutan or has been threatened of extinction.
So whether steps should be taken?
I will starting to taken my last reporting about ‘Leo’, as called from a orphaned male baby Sumatran orangutan were collected from human hands after nurtured over the years by humans. Previously unknown, Leo will be purchased for 5 million rupia’s. "However, after getting the approach by Orangutan Information Center (OIC) team and the Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA) Banda Aceh, Leo finally be rehabilitated before on released to the wild jungle again," said Director of the OIC, Panut Hadisiswoyo.
Leo is now in search of her fingers after a man's hand is not responsible has claimed the affection of its mother, causing her orphaned and live like a human at least for one year. "It is impossible to release her human hand, I estimate her mother had died in a hunting of wildlife," said Panut again.
Economic problem’s be a factors encourage the rise in cases of human between wild Sumatran Orangutan conflict around the boundary between the Gunung Leuser National Park in Sumatra island, Indonesia, both the company and the community. "Plantations particularly palm oil is growing rapidly in the area of Aceh Tamiang, Aceh, Indonesia and even penetrated into the Leuser ecosystem, based on the results of our survey in the field and based on observations google earth clear that PT MPLI has used Leuser ecosystem on sporadically,” said the expert in the fields of law Sayed Zainal SH MHum.
Along with that, the problem of deforestation is heating up with actors who teriur with nominal crime Sumatran Orangutan hunting and trade. Until now, law enforcement officials also have not been able to act decisively and uncover criminal networks and intellectual authors behind the crime so that the biological condition of the Sumatran Orangutan is increasingly threatened by extinction.
Although laws Conservation of Biological Resources and Ecosystem Indonesian state has prohibited expressly by Law No. 5/1990 which states that any person who kill, capture, store protected species can be sentenced to a maximum of five years in prison and a maximum fine of Rp 100 million.
On the other hand, the Director of the OIC, Panut Hadisiswoyo respond to it seriously. That, although law enforcement officials still act decisively for the perpetrators of hunting and trade in protected species Sumatran orangutan who was caught and convicted. "Of course the chain of hunting and trade network of protected wildlife that still need to be put firmness on the basis of the applicable law, so as to give deterrent effect to the perpetrators as an example for the community in the future," said Panut firmly.
So what about the next programme?
From that’s portraiture case, it’s would be important information, if as the next programme to followed up the next story of ‘Leo’ during on released back life in wild forest. Where from there can joint with SOCP and OIC for Sumatran Orangutan.
And it’s would be global report if this going to another species of Orangutan in Borneo, also the habitat condition. It’s would connecting with the reason of orangutan on endangered population condition.
It’s would be good if the programme starting to execution on mid 2017 until early of 2018, and would be flexible from the grant schedules.
Sutanta Aditya is a independent photographer and writer which focusing by disasters, humanity, environmentalism, health, education, volcanoes and biodiversity issues. He was appreciated and awarded from several international journalism and photography organization. Also his editorial works on published continued in several media, beside he available on assignments from NGO’s or another public companies.
He was able to complete his studies as a Bachelor of Information Technology Science (B.Sc IT) in 2012 while working for local newspaper as a photographer. In carrying out his profession, Sutanta joined and supported by the Indonesian Photojournalists Organization.
– 2019 | Indonesian Photojournalist Organization Awards | Environmentalism Photo Story
– 2019 | Grand Prize Winner | Sustainability Environment Awards | By National Geographic Asia and Temaseek
– 2018 | Nominee | Climate Topic | Edition of International Photography Grant
– 2017 | Photojournalism – NOMINEE: Sutanta Aditya – PhotogrVphy Grant
– 2016 | Honorables Mention of Intl’ Photography Awards 2016 – Editorial, Environmental, Photo Essay
– 2016 | Honorables Mention of Intl’ Photography Awards 2016 – Editorial, Environmental
– 2016 | The Other Hundred – Educators Edition (Year of Submission 2016 Winners)
– 2015 | Exhibition – Planet Under Pressure | Scarcity Waste · Syngenta Photography Award
– 2015 | Indonesian Photojournalist Association Awards 2014
– 2014 | Honorables Mention American Photographic Artists (APA) and the Lucie Foundation Scholarship
– 2014 | Int’l Photography Awards 2014
– 2012 | Essay Photo Competition WWF and Indonesian Press Photo Agency
– 2011 | Yonhap International Press Photo Awards, Merit Price category Environment
– 2010 | Indonesian Photojournalist Awards 2010 by Indonesian Photojournalist Association
– 2010 | Bina Nusantara International Photo Competition (IPC)
– 2009 | National Geographic Indonesia “Potret Pendidikan Indonesia”
– 2009 | Adiwarta Sampoerna Awards, first price category Social Issues